Terms & Definitions
A list of short definitions for common terms in aged care.
24 / 7 Emergency Call System
Facilities or retirement villages that offer an emergency call system 24 hours a day, 7 days per week, for the safety of residents.
24 / 7 Monitored Supervision
Electronic call bell or intercom system which enables a resident to request assistance from a staff member.
24 / 7 Personal Care and Support
Personal care and support including assistance with personal hygiene, washing, showering, bathing, and dressing offered 24 hours a day, 7 days per week.
24 / 7 Supervisor(s)
Qualified personal care staff or registered nurse on duty throughout a 24-hour period, actively supervising residents' needs.
The ACAT carries out an assessment of an older person's care needs (usually in the person's home or in hospital) and to discuss what services are needed and available in the person's area. If ACAT approves the person receiving high or low level care then ACFI funding applies and the Commonwealth pays a fair proportion of the daily care fee's
An amount payable on entry to a low level care aged care home or for an extra service place (for low and high level care). Service providers must use the income derived from accommodation bonds to improve their building standards and the quality and range of the services they offer.
A daily charge, in addition to daily care fees, which may be payable on entry to a high level care home. It is a contribution by residents to their accommodation costs.
Accreditation is granted to residential aged care homes that comply with the Accreditation Standards under the Aged Care Act 1997. They are required to meet four standards and 53 outcomes for quality of care and quality of life in their provision of residential care. Residential aged care services must be accredited by the Aged Care Standards & Accreditation Agency to receive Government funding.
Aged Care Assessment Service (ACAS)
For Victoria only, all other states - please see ACAT. The Aged Care Assessment Service (ACAS) helps the elderly and their carers determine what kind of care will best meet their needs when they are no longer able to manage. The team, often comprising a doctor, nurse, social worker and occupational therapist, will ask the client a series of questions to determine the best care options available. See also ACAT
Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT)
Aged Care Assessment Teams (ACATs) helps the elderly and their carers determine what kind of care will best meet their needs when they are no longer able to manage. The team, often comprising a doctor, nurse, social worker and occupational therapist, will ask the client a series of questions to determine the best care options available. See also ACAT
Aged Care On-Site
The retirement village has a residential aged care facility at the same location.
Ageing in Place
Provided by some aged care homes for residents to be admitted for low-level care, who are not required to move to another facility when their care needs become higher-level.
Assisted & Supported Living
May offer a similar service to that of a Commonwealth funded high or low level care facility but are privately funded. Assisted & Supported Living sites are state registered service providers.
Booked Respite Program
These facilities have at least one specific bed allocated to respite and eligible people can contact the facility to book respite in that bed in advance. A booking diary operates.
A Broker is a consultant who assists people understand aged care and helps them find the right service to fit their needs. Brokers may also be Case Managers or Placement Consultants
A care plan is developed by the service providing your care and outlines your care needs and instructions on how your care needs will be met.
Centre Based Care
Centre Based Day Care is for older people who require low to medium living support in a comfortable setting out of home.
Coded Keypad Entry / Exit
May exist on a secure dementia wing or facility to ensure only those who know a code can enter or exit a facility, ensuring the safety of residents.
A range of amenities and services for residents, which may include such things as a community hall, bowling green, swimming pool, barbecue area or recreation centre.
Community Aged Care Packages (CACP)
Please see 'Home Care Packages (HCP) Level 2'
Community Care Packages
Please see 'Home Care Packages (HCP) Levels 1 - 4'
Can include masseuses/masseurs, aromatherapists, manicurists.
Consider Partner without ACAT
These Residential Facilities allow the partner of a resident to live with them in the facility. This is usually in an unfunded bed and the partner will need to enter into a private payment arrangement with the facility.
Consumer Directed Care Packages
Align with the existing CACP, EACH and EACHD packages but give older people greater control over the design and delivery of community care services.
The facility has double or interconnected rooms, specifically designed or able to be converted for use by couples requiring residential care.
Day Therapy Centres
Offer a range of therapy services for older people living independently in the community or in aged care homes. Services may include physiotherapy, occupational and speech therapy or podiatry.
Home Care Packages classified as being specifically for clients with dementia. Also a term used in residential facilities ie; beds that are specifically for residents with dementia.
Dietitians & Nutritionists
Specialists who assess an individual's needs for healthy eating and nutrition.
Individuals who provide alternative focus to residents, usually in a group setting, including theme days (eg celebration of Christmas), music hours, card games.
Diversional Therapy Program
These facilities provide and organise chosen leisure and recreational activities as a form of therapy, which are designed to support and enhance the life of the residents, maximising their independence.
Assistance with everyday household tasks such as dishwashing, house cleaning, clothes washing, shopping and paying bills.
These villages include an element of charitable subsidy and possibly an entry contribution.
Form of aged care accommodation where a room is shared by two residents.
DPS Publishing is the registered company name. Most commonly referred to as just DPS. Many years ago the company was named Davids Publishing Services. This was subsequently changed to the acronym DPS.
This indicates that the majority of the facility's residents are from one or more ethnic groups or the facility caters specifically for people who are from one or more ethnic groups. Particular dietary requirements may be met, and ethnic traditions observed.
Trained in the principles of rehabilitation, how pain works and the role of exercise in body repair. Tailor a program for specific needs.
Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH)
Please see 'Home Care Packages (HCP) Level 4'
Extended Aged Care at Home - Dementia Specific (EACHD)
Please see 'Home Care Packages (HCP) Level 4'
Extra service Beds
Extra service aged care homes receive approval from the Commonwealth Government to offer a higher standard of accommodation, food and services for an additional charge ("hotel-type services"). The term 'Extra Service' only refers to the standard of accommodation, meals, food and entertainment and not to the level of care. It may be provided throughout the home or within a specific wing or section of the home. An accommodation bond applies to both high and low level care at Extra Services homes.
The facility has its own dog, cat, birds or other pets on site for the benefit of residents.
The facility has its own transport such as a bus and driver for the use and benefit of residents.
Home Care Packages classified as being for clients who are assessed as being financially disadvantaged.
Flexible aged care places are provided through a number of different programs as an alternative to more traditional community and residential care. Five types of flexible care are provided Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) and Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACHD) packages, Transition Care, Multi-Purpose Service (MPS) places, and Innovative Care.
Full Domestic Service
Can include cooking, cleaning, laundering clothing and linen, shopping, paying bills.
Gardening & Maintenance
Assistance with minor works in clients' homes and gardens.
General Dementia Beds
These facilities have residential care areas that cater for residents with dementia or similar behavioural related conditions in an environment that is not a secure dementia specific unit or wing.
Non-specific classification for Home Care Packages.
HACC Funded Service
A home care service funded by the Home and Community Care government initiative
Can include dentists, dietitians, exercise therapists, medical practitioners, nutritionists, occupational therapists, opticians, podiatrists, physiotherapists and speech therapists.
High Care Nursing Homes
A nursing home is a residential aged care facilty offering high level care for people who require a lot of assistance with activities of daily living such as feeding, dressing, cleaning and mobility. Previously known as 'nursing home care', High care is provided for ACAT assessed people who require almost complete assistance with most daily living activities. It includes accommodation, meals, laundry, room cleaning and personal care. Nursing staff at the aged care home manage the medical needs.
Home Care Packages (HCP) Level 1
Funded by the Australian Government, Home Care Packages Level 1 support people with basic care needs. They are individually planned and coordinated to help older people to remain living in their own homes. Included is the Dementia Supplement for people with dementia and the Veterans Supplement for veterans with an accepted mental health condition.
Home Care Packages (HCP) Level 2
Funded by the Australian Government, Home Care Packages Level 2 support people with low care needs. They are individually planned and coordinated to help older people to remain living in their own homes. Included is the Dementia Supplement for people with dementia and the Veterans Supplement for veterans with an accepted mental health condition.
Home Care Packages (HCP) Level 3
Funded by the Australian Government, Home Care Packages Level 3 support people with intermediate care needs. They are individually planned and coordinated to help older people to remain living in their own homes. Included is the Dementia Supplement for people with dementia and the Veterans Supplement for veterans with an accepted mental health condition.
Home Care Packages (HCP) Level 4
Funded by the Australian Government, Home Care Packages Level 4 support people with high care needs. They are individually planned and coordinated to help older people to remain living in their own homes. Included is the Dementia Supplement for people with dementia and the Veterans Supplement for veterans with an accepted mental health condition.
Home Care Packages (HCP) Levels 1 - 4
There are four levels of packages which are funded by the Australian Government. All care packages are individually planned and coordinated to help older people to remain living in their own homes. Each level includes the Dementia Supplement for people with dementia and the Veterans Supplement for veterans with an accepted mental health condition. Level 1 supports people with basic care needs. Level 2 supports people with low care needs (formerly Community Aged Care Packages). Level 3 supports people with intermediate care needs. Level 4 supports people with high care needs (formerly Extended Aged Care at Home and Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia packages).
Specifically for clients classified as homeless or in danger of becoming homeless.
In Home Care Services
Health care or supportive care provided in the patient's home by healthcare professionals (often referred to as home health care or formal care). Often, the term home care is used to distinguish non-medical care or custodial care, which is care that is provided by persons who are not nurses, doctors, or other licensed medical personnel, as opposed to home health care that is provided by licensed personnel.
Independent Living Units (ILU's)
Independent living units, also sometimes referred to as villas, offer one, two or three bedroom accommodation, in a village environment, for older people who are actively independent and able to care for themselves.
Inspect on Request
The facility is able to allow potential residents and their families to inspect the site and rooms when they make a formal request or appointment.
License to Occupy
A form of retirement living tenure that gives residents the right to occupy a residence without having ownership of it.
Low Care Admissions
Residents who are assessed as requiring low care are accepted for admission in some facilities
Low Care Nursing Homes
Previously known as 'hostel care', this is provided for ACAT (or ACAS for Vic only) assessed people who require accommodation, meals, laundry, room cleaning as well as help with personal care and possibly nursing care.
Meals & Shopping
Delivery of daily cooked or frozen ready-to-eat meals or transport to the shops and assistance provided or having someone to do the shopping.
Usually referred to as Doctors. Involves making diagnoses and prescribing treatment for medical conditions.
Attend the home daily to assist in dispensing medication.
Attend the home daily to assist in supervising or prompting client to take medication.
Minimum Age Considered
The facility has a policy of taking younger adults but their is a minimum age that they will consider. Some facilities can only accommodate people in their middle years ie; 40 to 60 yrs of age whilst other facilities cater to the much younger adult over the age of 18yrs
Multi Storey Building
The residential facility has residents rooms over more than one floor. This includes split level hillside sites.
Non Secure Dementia Care
Facilities that offer care for people with dementia or similar behavioural related conditions, but do not have a fully secure dementia care unit or wing.
NRCP Funded Service
A service funded by the National Respite for Carers Program, specifically for relatives and friends caring at home for people who are unable to care for themselves because of disability or frailty.
Nursing & Palliative Care
Registered or Enrolled Nurses visiting the home to assist with medication, wound management, convalescent care, pain management and palliative care.
Focus on enabling people to live satisfying and meaningful lives including self-care (bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, feeding), household (cooking, cleaning, shopping), community involvement and leisure/ recreation pursuits.
Restaurant facilities are located within the grounds of a facility or retirement village complex.
The facility organises groups of potential residents to view the site on a particular day of the week or month.
A package normally means something boxed up or parceled such as a Christmas package. In aged care terminology it means all of the care services and products required to assist someone at home. For example a package of care might include domestic cleaning services twice a week, monitored alarm and transport services to and from the local Day Therapy Centre.
Palliative Care Program
The facility provides palliative care and actively encourages enquiries from people who require palliative care. The palliative care program provides pain relief, management of symptons, counselling and support to ensure the best possible quality of life for the resident.
Palliative Care RN
The facility has a dedicated Palliative Care Registered Nurse (RN) on staff who is fully trained in the provision of palliative care and fully aware of end of life issues and needs.
Assistance with personal hygiene, washing, showering, bathing, dressing, feeding and toileting.
Medications delivered to homes by pharmacies.
Health professionals who assess a patients condition to find the underlying causes of pain, in joints, muscles or nerves. They advise on ways to manage the condition and show them how further pain and injury can be prevented.
Professional fee-for service assistance to find the care option that best suits a client's needs. Consultant will rganise all of the relevant paperwork and arrangements necessary to secure a placement in either a community care program or residential aged care facility. Sometimes referred to as a Broker
Professionals who deal with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of medical and surgical conditions of the feet and lower limbs.
There are various forms of occupation or ownership rights for retirement living. These are referred to as 'tenure'. Some forms of tenure include strata title ownership, leasehold estates and licences to occupy.
Senior nurses who care for the sick and injured in hospitals and other health care facilities, doctors surgeries, and private homes.
The facility has a rehabilitation program or service and actively encourages enquiries from people requiring rehabiliation such as post acute for things such as strokes or joint replacements
Rental (with no upfront cost)
No bond required. Periodical rental payments only for villas, units or Independent Living Units.
Rental Units (Rental Accommodation)
Villas, units or Independent Living Units available for rent. This type of accommodation is generally for older people who are on a pension and do not own property.
A resident agreement is a legal agreement between you and the aged care home and sets out a resident's rights and obligations, and the rights and obligations of the aged care home. The agreement should include information about the type of care needed, the circumstances in which the resident may be asked to leave the home, the amount of the accommodation bond or charge and daily fees and, if entering an extra service home, the extra services provided and associated costs.
Any Unit, Villa or Apartment in a Retirement Village available for purchase or via a deposit or entry contribution
Resident Pets Considered
These facilities may be able to accommodate residents pets within the facility depending on the pet breed, size, or needs.
Residential Aged Care
Residential aged care is for older people who can no longer live at home. Reasons can include illness, disability, bereavement, an emergency, the needs of their carer, family or friends, or because it is no longer possible to manage at home without help.
These services are designed to give carers a break from their caring role and can be arranged for planned breaks, regular weekly breaks, short holidays or emergencies. Services are available within the person's home, in a day care centre or in a residential care facility.
These facilities have at least one specific bed allocated to respite and eligible people can contact the facility to book respite in that bed in advance. A booking diary operates.
Retirement Home / Village
A retirement home is a multi-residence housing facility intended for senior citizens, 55 years and over. Typically each person or couple in the home has an apartment-style room or suite of rooms. Additional facilities can be provided within the building, including enhanced supervision, more company, communal facilities or small pets allowed by residents.
Rooms with Ensuites
There are private rooms available with ensuite bathroom facilities that may service one or two rooms.
Rural & Remote
Home Care Packages classified as being specifically for those in rural or remote areas.
Secure Dementia Care
These facilities have a fully secure dementia care unit or wing exclusively and specifically for people with dementia or similar behavioural related conditions.
The facility has a secure fenced garden area specifically designed for people with dementia and generally attached to the secure dementia unit.
Periodical fee paid by owners usually of ILUs/Villas for general maintenance.
A Unit or Apartment for people who wish to live in a supported environment with services such as laundering, meals and cleaning provided on a fee for service basis.
Form of aged care accommodation where a room is occupied by only one resident.
Small Pets Welcome
The village has a policy for residents enabling them to have small pets but depends on the type, size and needs.
Social & Recreational Support
Generally involves the older person attending social or recreational events and services outside of the home at a community, day or recreational centre.
Professionals who link service users with agencies and programs that will meet their clients psychosocial needs, provide counselling and psychotherapy in various fields including social and community development, hospital and aged care.
Home Care Packages classified as being for clients who are assessed as being socially disadvantaged.
The facility offers other specialist services for example snozelen therapy, eden alternative or other.
Professionals who evaluate, diagnose, and treat difficulties involving speech, language, voice, fluency, and swallowing. The difficulties speech therapists treat can be caused by neurological disorders, developmental disabilities, learning disabilities, physical problems, voice pathology, hearing impairments, or emotional disorders.
Independent units, apartments or bedsitters within a community where support services are provided. These suppport services may be meals, cleaning, cooking, personal care or other assistance as required.
Supported Residential Facility (SRF)
An SRF may offer a similar service to that of a Commonwealth funded high or low level care facility but without the funding support. SRF's are state registered service providers.
Supported Residential Services (SRS)
An SRS may offer a similar service to that of a Commonwealth funded high or low level care facility but without the funding support. SRS's are state registered service providers.
Transition care provides short term support for older people after a hospital stay and can be delivered in either a residential or community setting. It is designed to optimise independence of older people to enables them to return home rather than enter residential care.
Transitional Care Beds
These residential aged care facilities provides interim care to older people with care needs who are in the transition between acute hospital care and living back in their home.
Organising or providing transport services such as bus, taxi, private car etc.
The staff at the residential aged care facility have the specialist knowledge to meet the needs of people who are fed via a nasogastric or PEG tube. Most high level care facilities offer this service and a few low level care facilities
Home Care Packages for eligible veterans, war widows or widowers, through the Department of Veterans' Affairs.
Villas / ILUs
Villas are designed for the active retiree and are sometimes referred to as Independent Living Units (ILUs).
The residential aged care facility can meet the special needs of younger people who require nursing home or hostel level care due to brain injury or other debilitating condition.
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